GROUP AND TEAM
Not every bunch constitutes a group. A group can be defined in a number of ways. According to Koppinen and Pollari (1993):
”A group is a social unit consisting of disparate individuals with each being aware of their belonging together and having the ability and the endeavour to function in a uniform way with respect to their environment.” (Koppinen & Pollari 1993, 28.)
On the other hand, not every group constitutes a team. A team is seen as being an advanced form of a group.
”A team is a group of people, who self-led and in close cooperation complete certain work wholenesses and utilising team members’ personal differences endeavour to achieve common value goals and objectives within the frameworks of shared rules of the game.” (Pirnes 1994.)
"A team is a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, performance goals, and approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable." (Katzenbach & Smith 1993, 45.)
Teams are based on interaction and cooperation. Group members depend on one another and on the interaction with one another. A team is comprised of different individuals with knowledge and skills that supplement one another. Team members work towards fitting together and supplementing one another’s ideas and thoughts. Teamwork requires clearly defined goals and objectives to which the team has committed itself. Team members bear joint responsibility for the results. Teamwork also includes the rules of the game for cooperation.